MERGING- LANE TRAFFIC JAMS,
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Traffic jams on highways are often triggered where two lanes must
merge into one. Lanes of cars cannot merge if there are no large gaps
between cars. Therefore, drivers who create large gaps between cars will
ease this type of traffic jam.
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To ease this type of jam:
The "zipper flow" is counterintuitive. It's created by proper
late-merging at the last minute. It's destroyed by early merging. For
this reason, the Fed Highway Admin has specific
recommendations for proper driver behavior. They (and the various
state highway groups) also have found the best road signage for smoothing
the flow: "STAY IN LANE UNTIL MERGE POINT." Then at the last minute,
another sign: "MERGE HERE, TAKE TURNS." Early merging ruins everything.
Any drivers who encourage early merging, but who tailgate to punish late
merging, they've fallen for faulty reasoning. The situation is
counterintuitive. The ideal behavior is the exact opposite of drivers'
early-merge and "cheater-punisher" beliefs: keep everyone in their lanes,
no early merging allowed. No empty lanes, so 'cheating' is stopped.
Then take turns merging *only* at the last minute. Anything else is a
recipe for hot-headed tailgaters and jam-triggers.
Yes you're right, you cannot eliminate every problem by simply making a
big gap in front of your car. When there are too many cars on the road,
traffic slows down. But if we use these special driving habits,
the smaller jams can be erased,
and stop-and-go traffic can be smoothed out. Since many traffic jams are
caused by merging lanes, many traffic jams can be improved by the actions
of just one driver.
NEXT, PAGE 4: FREQUENTLY-ASKED QUESTIONS
ABOUT MERGE-ZONE JAMS